How Is a Hernia Treated?

A hernia can form when a portion of the intestine or other organs break through weaknesses in our abdomen's muscle wall. There are many activities that can cause hernias to form, whether they are strenuous or everyday tasks. Hernias can also be present at birth.

They are extremely common and affect many people throughout the world. According to the National Institutes of Health, over 25% percent of men will develop at least one hernia in their lifetime. Thankfully, they are treatable and rarely life-threatening.

Non-surgical hernia treatment

Hernias can cause discomfort and pain depending on the severity and location of the hernia. Some hernias are barely noticeable and do not need immediate treatment. There are many people who have a small bulge caused by a hernia that does not cause them any pain or other negative symptoms. In these situations, the most common course of treatment is to watch and wait to see if the tissue or intestine naturally returns to its normal position, allowing the muscle tear to heal.

Surgical hernia treatment

Whether surgery is required immediately or years down the road, most hernias are eventually corrected by surgery. Once there is a tear in the muscle wall, it can be challenging for the body to reverse the hernia and heal itself. There are different types of surgical techniques that can be used in this situation. The two main options are open surgical repair and laparoscopic repair.

Open surgical repair

During open surgical repair, the surgeon will push the portion of intestine or tissue back into the abdomen or groin area. After this is completed, they will repair the muscle tear by closing the opening with mesh or sutures. The final task is to close the small incision in the skin using sutures or surgical glue.

Laparoscopic repair

Laparoscopic repair is a more expensive option but is much less likely to cause infection. With this method, a small camera and surgical instruments are inserted through small incisions. Using these instruments, the surgeon will push the tissue or intestine back into the abdominal cavity and repair the damage to the muscle. Once this is complete, this type of surgery leaves a much smaller surgery site, and often a much smaller scar.

Hernias in children

Hernias can be present at birth for some children, when the muscles are at their weakest. Though surgery is often necessary to repair the damage, many surgeons prefer to wait until the child is a few years old to perform the surgery. This greatly reduces the risk of death from infection and allows the surrounding muscles and organs to get stronger before surgery. Until the surgery is scheduled, doctors will most likely keep an eye on the hernia to ensure it does not worsen.

Do you have a hernia?

If you have questions about the right course of treatment for a hernia, reach out to your doctor to learn more about your options.

Request an appointment here: https://coresurgicalmd.com or call Core Surgical at (212) 548-3267 for an appointment in our New York office.

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