What Causes Groin Pain?

With many of the inner workings of the body close to the pelvic floor, there are plenty of possibilities for the origin of your groin pain. Some causes of groin pain may be simple and non-threatening, such as a pulled muscle or ligament. More serious conditions that can cause groin pain include cancers, endometriosis or other conditions that will require medical intervention.

Groin pain in men and women

While some conditions only affect men or only affect women, there are causes of groin pain that affect both equally. The following are some of the reasons why both men and women may experience groin pain.

Injury

Anyone participating in a high impact sport such as hockey, rugby or even non-contact sports like soccer or gymnastics runs the risk of injuring their groin. If the injury is minor, you should be able to treat it at home with rest and painkillers. For more severe injuries, or if you are concerned you have torn something, consult with your doctor.

Inguinal hernia

An inguinal hernia occurs when the intestine pushes through a hole or compromised spot of the abdominal wall. This condition can be extremely uncomfortable, cause strangulation of the intestine, a bulge in the groin or abdominal area, cause vomiting and fever and, of course, groin pain. Inguinal hernias require surgical intervention and should be addressed by a doctor to avoid the condition worsening.

Groin pain in men

Because of the differences in the reproductive organs of men and women, men have unique injuries and conditions that can affect the groin area. Here are some of the most common causes of groin pain in men.

Prostatitis

Prostatitis occurs in the prostate, a gland found in the rectum of all men. The prostate produces a fluid that contains sperm and is essential to the reproductive health of men. Prostatitis occurs when the prostate becomes swollen, cause inflammation, tenderness and groin pain. There are four different types of prostatitis, each with their own risks and symptoms.

Orchitis

Orchitis is a condition in which one or both of the testicles become inflamed, generally as a result of an infection. Orchitis can be the result of a viral or bacterial infection and should be treated accordingly by your doctor. Symptoms of orchitis include blood in the semen, swelling, redness or purple discoloration and more.

Groin pain in women

For women, groin pain often originates in the reproductive organs and is often linked to the menstrual cycle. While a number of disorders can affect the groin health of women, these are a few of the most common.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which the lining of the uterus grows on the outside, rather than the inside of the uterus. This condition can cause extremely painful menstrual cycles, and if left untreated the tissue will spread to other organs in the reproductive system, increasing groin and pelvic discomfort.

Uterine or ovarian cysts

While many cysts are completely benign, they can still cause great discomfort to those that must carry them around. Cysts can cause inflammation and pain during the menstrual cycle, and in some cases can rupture, causing full body pain. Uterine and ovarian cysts can sometimes be left untreated, but in more severe circumstances may require hormone therapy or surgical removal.

The bottom line

If you have experienced any of these symptoms, or are concerned about persistent and aggressive groin pain, contact your doctor today.

Request an appointment here: https://coresurgicalmd.com or call Core Surgical at (212) 548-3267 for an appointment in our New York office.

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