Hernias occur when an organ or fatty tissue pushes through a weak spot or opening in the surrounding muscle or connective tissue. While some hernias may not cause significant issues and can be managed without surgery, others may require surgical intervention to prevent complications. Here are five common types of hernias that often necessitate surgery, which our hernia specialists at Core Surgical can perform at our surgical centers in New York and New Jersey.
1. Inguinal Hernia
Among the most prevalent types, inguinal hernias develop in the groin area when abdominal tissue or part of the intestine protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal wall. Inguinal hernias can cause discomfort, a visible bulge in the groin and pain, especially when lifting heavy objects or straining. Surgical repair, typically through laparoscopic techniques, is commonly recommended to alleviate symptoms and prevent potential complications such as bowel obstruction or strangulation.
2. Femoral Hernia
Similar to inguinal hernias, femoral hernias also occur in the groin but are more common in women. They develop when abdominal tissue pushes into the femoral canal, a passageway near the upper thigh. Femoral hernias present as a bulge in the groin and may cause pain or discomfort. Surgical repair is often necessary due to the risk of complications like bowel obstruction or strangulation.
3. Umbilical Hernia
Umbilical hernias occur when part of the intestine or abdominal lining protrudes through a weak spot around the navel (belly button). They are common in infants and often resolve on their own by age 1 or 2. However, if an umbilical hernia persists or appears in adults, surgical repair may be recommended to prevent potential complications such as incarceration or bowel obstruction.
4. Incisional Hernia
These hernias develop at the site of a previous surgical incision or scar where the abdominal muscles have weakened. They can occur months or even years after surgery. Incisional hernias may cause pain, discomfort, or a visible bulge. Surgical repair is often necessary to strengthen the weakened tissue and prevent further protrusion of abdominal contents.
5. Epigastric Hernia
These hernias develop in the upper abdomen between the breastbone and the navel, usually through a weakened area in the abdominal wall. Epigastric hernias often present as small lumps or bulges and may cause mild discomfort. Surgical repair may be recommended to prevent potential complications or worsening of the hernia.
Surgical treatment for hernias often involves repairing the weakened or damaged tissue using different techniques, such as open surgery or minimally invasive approaches like laparoscopy. The decision for surgery depends on the type, size, symptoms and the risk of complications associated with the hernia.
Prompt medical evaluation is essential if symptoms of a hernia, such as a visible bulge, pain or discomfort, arise. Seeking timely medical advice allows for proper diagnosis and appropriate management, which may include surgical intervention to prevent potential complications associated with hernias.
At Core Surgical, we are the hernia experts that professional athletes trust, but we welcome any patient who needs our expertise for hernia treatment. If you are experiencing pain or complications from an abdominal hernia, contact our office in NYC to schedule a hernia exam and consultation with one of our hernia specialists.